To understand what a geologist does and what he or she does not do, we must first understand what a structural geologist is. Geologists specialize in the study of the Earth’s surface, its rocks, its soil, its subsurface structures, its groundwater, and its hydrosphere and biogeochemistry.
Structural geology is the study of how the rocks of the Earth’s surface are arranged. Geologists are interested in the way the rocks are formed, the processes that shaped them, and how they have been affected by geological processes and human activities over time. In geology, the study of how the Earth’s surface is formed and the processes that shaped it are called structural geology. If you are thinking of becoming a structural geologist, then you need to know what a structural geologist doesn’t do.
There are two kinds of structural geologists. They are the sedimentary geologist and the metamorphic geologist. Sedimentary geologists are interested in how the earth’s surface has been formed by the accumulation of sediment over millions of years. Sedimentary geologists look at sedimentary rock layers and how they were formed and how their composition has changed over time.
Michael Osland published that, metamorphic geologists focus on how the Earth’s surface is formed by the addition of material from above, usually caused by an eruption or other large geological event. They study the structure and the evolution of rock strata to determine how much material has been added to them over time. The rocks that metamorphosed from one rock type to another will be categorized based on their composition, their age, and their location on the Earth.
So why is structural geology so important? Structural geologists use the study of the Earth’s surface, its rock strata, and its subsoil to determine the present state of the Earth’s surface and what changes may occur in the future.
For example, a structural geologist will be able to tell you if there will be new areas of a rock formation on top of old, or if there is sediment below the top layer and it is starting to erode. This information will tell them about the stability of the rock strata and where the rocks are located now and how they may change over time. They can tell you about the changes that have taken place in the water table of a certain area of the ground as well. How much or how little water is in particular regions and how it is changing over time are all helpful as well. All of these data will be important for a structural geologist when he or she begins to determine the next stage of the Earth’s history.